GIZ Office Armenia
The biodiversity of the South Caucasus is of global importance, but the huge variety of species and the proper functioning of the ecosystems are under threat. There is considerable pressure from the exploitation of natural resources by the local population, private industry and governments.
In each of the three countries of the South Caucasus – Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan – there are National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans (NBSAPs) and initial sectoral strategies for managing biodiversity and ecosystem services. As yet, however, these are unable to withstand the challenges posed by the overlapping interests of different sectors (forestry, pasture farming, agriculture, nature conservation and tourism).
The programme covers the entire South Caucasus region and works at supranational, national and local levels. At national level, relevant strategies and regulations are being drawn up or reviewed so as to improve the framework for managing biodiversity and ecosystem services. The experience gained at district, municipal and local levels from the pilot measures is being incorporated into this process. As part of these pilot measures, relevant actors are being given the skills to implement territory-based strategies for sustainably managing biodiversity and ecosystem services that are integrated across different sectors (e.g. human capacity and organisational development skills). The lessons learned are then reviewed and adapted at national level so that they can be replicated. Here, cooperation between relevant institutions is strongly promoted (sector networking). Awareness of the importance of biodiversity and ecosystem services among the general public is being improved by strengthening training establishments and environmental education centres (organisational consultancy). At supranational level, sharing of technical expertise is promoted via networking. The programme is therefore working in four areas of activity: supporting pilot measures and coordination processes at local level, strengthening capacity and building public awareness at national level, and promoting the sharing of expertise at supranational level.
The programme is due to last four years (from December 2015 to November 2019).